好的工作


好的工作、強大的服務和尊重

回應最近多倫多的槍械暴力,需要充分指出這是青少年和社區安全問題。這個回應的核心有三個要素:好的工作、強大的服務和尊重。

事實很清楚。由於私營和公共部門的好工作被朝不保夕的工作取代,多倫多的貧困和種族化貧困日益增加。在許多多倫多社區長大的年輕人看不到自己的前途。他們看著父母做兩三份工作來糊口,以及兄姐們背負巨大債務畢業而很少工作機會。儘管社區治安有改善,但他們仍常常經歷騷擾和種族歧視。

由市長和總理宣傳的法律與秩序議程,已經證明一再失敗。實際的情況是,如果不是最近幾年對社區服務、學校活動和青少年外展工作的投資,槍械暴力會更嚴重。不過,因緊縮措施,以及福特政府對服務品質和提供服務的前綫工人的攻擊,這些很多都被削減或不能正常活動。

居民需要感覺他們的社區是安全的,要達到這目的是沒有捷徑的。最明智的是加強對社區服務的投資。我們不需要更多報告──過去的研究已有很多我們需要的忠告。

最明顯的問題,是需要有好的工作,但很多人會拒絕處理。當全國最高薪的首席執行長是經由臨時中介機構聘用,而汽車製造業有工人時薪只有11元,情況必須改變。當承包商接管收集垃圾,今夏在酷熱中辛苦工作的工人,薪酬只僅高過最低工資,情況必須改變。當人們從事清潔寫字樓、餐飲業、零售業及接待遊客,需要做兩至三份工來維持生活,情況必須改變。

只有那些控制我們經濟的人履行他們的責任,以及選擇或被迫創造好的工作,下一代才會感覺到他們有機會建立健康的、安全的和受尊重的社區。


好的工作、强大的服务和尊重

回应最近多伦多的枪械暴力,需要充分指出这是青少年和社区安全问题。这个回应的核心有三个要素:好的工作、强大的服务和尊重。

事实很清楚。由于私营和公共部门的好工作被朝不保夕的工作取代,多伦多的贫困和种族化贫困日益增加。在许多多伦多社区长大的年轻人看不到自己的前途。他们看着父母做两三份工作来糊口,以及兄姐们背负巨大债务毕业而很少工作机会。尽管社区治安有改善,但他们仍常常经历骚扰和种族歧视。

由市长和总理宣传的法律与秩序议程,已经证明一再失败。实际的情况是,如果不是最近几年对社区服务、学校活动和青少年外展工作的投资,枪械暴力会更严重。不过,因紧缩措施,以及福特政府对服务品质和提供服务的前线工人的攻击,这些很多都被削减或不能正常活动。

居民需要感觉他们的社区是安全的,要达到这目的是没有捷径的。最明智的是加强对社区服务的投资。我们不需要更多报告──过去的研究已有很多我们需要的忠告。

最明显的问题,是需要有好的工作,但很多人会拒绝处理。当全国最高薪的首席执行长是经由临时中介机构聘用,而汽车制造业有工人时薪只有11元,情况必须改变。当承包商接管收集垃圾,今夏在酷热中辛苦工作的工人,薪酬只仅高过最低工资,情况必须改变。当人们从事清洁写字楼、餐饮业、零售业及接待游客,需要做两至三份工来维持生活,情况必须改变。

只有那些控制我们经济的人履行他们的责任,以及选择或被迫创造好的工作,下一代才会感觉到他们有机会建立健康的、安全的和受尊重的社区。


GOOD JOBS, STRONG SERVICES AND RESPECT

Recent gun violence in Toronto requires a response that fully addresses the issues of youth violence and community safety. At the core of that response are three elements: good jobs, strong services, and respect.

The facts are clear. There is increasing poverty and racialization of poverty in Toronto, as good jobs are replaced by precarious work in both the private and public sectors. Young people growing up in many Toronto neighbourhoods don’t see a future for themselves. They watch their parents working two or three jobs to make ends meet, and older siblings graduate with huge debts and few career offers. And despite the improvements in community policing, far too often they experience harassment and racial profiling.

The law and order agenda being promoted by the Mayor and Prime Minister has proved time and again to be a failure. The reality is that gun violence would be far worse if it wasn’t for the investments made in recent years in community services, school programming, and youth outreach. But much of that has been cut or paralyzed with austerity measures and the Ford regime’s attack on quality of services and the front-line workers who deliver them.
Residents need to feel safe in their neighbourhoods, and there is no short-cut to attaining that goal. It is vital to reinforce the wisdom of investing in community services. We don’t need more reports – we have all the advice needed from past studies.

But the most obvious problem, that many will refuse to tackle, is the need for good jobs. When the highest paid CEO in the country hires only through temp agencies, and has people working in the auto industry earning only $11/hour, something has to change. When the contractor taking over solid waste collection this summer has workers toiling in the heat for just above minimum wage, something has to change. When people cleaning office towers, serving food, working retail or welcoming tourists have to work two or three jobs to survive, something has to change.